Assam: Bogibeel bridge fulfilling a long cherished dream  

The Bogibeel Rail-cum-Road Bridge over river Brahmaputra is situated 17 Km downstream of Dibrugarh city in Assam.


Guwahati 

The Bogibeel Rail-cum-Road Bridge over river Brahmaputra is situated 17 Km downstream of Dibrugarh city in Assam. Constructed for Double Line BG Track and three lane road, this bridge will be the lifeline of Northeastern part of the country and will facilitate connectivity between North and South Banks of river Brahmaputra in the Eastern region of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.

The Bridge will also enhance the national security of the eastern region of India by facilitating swift movement of defence forces and their equipment. Government of India has given utmost importance to this Bridge Project by declaring it a National Project in the year 2007 thereby assuring availability of fund for speedy construction.

The Bogibeel Bridge Project was a part of Assam Accord 1985 and was sanctioned in the year 1997-98. The foundation stone of the Project was laid by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Shri H D Deve Gouda on 22, January, 1997 and work commencement of the Project work was done by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Late Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee on 21, April, 2002. Bogibeel Rail-cum-Road Bridge is the longest Rail-cum-Road as well as Railway Bridge in India having total length of 4.94 km (revised from 4.31 km).

The sanctioned estimated cost of the Project was Rs. 3230.02 Crores. Revised estimate of the project amounts to Rs. 4,857 Crores which has been approved and sanctioned by the Railway Board to cover escalation and increased bridge length.

SALIENT FEATURES OF BOGIBEEL BRIDGE

Bogibeel Rail Cum Road Main Bridge:

Length of Bridge 4.940 km
Span arrangement 1×32.75 m + 39 x 125 m + 1×32.75 m
Type of substructure 42 Double-D Well foundation of size 16.2m x 10.5m and twin circular hollow piers of 5.3m (OD) x3.3m (ID).
Type of superstructure Composite Welded Steel truss with concrete Deck for road on upper deck &Double line rail track on lower deck.
Configuration 2 BG track & 3 lane road.
Navigation clearance 100m (Horizontal) & 10m (Vertical)
North Guide Bund

South Guide Bund

 

2792m

2043m

Flood Dyke raising & Strengthening  

9 km Upstream to 7 km downstream at both the banks

 

Rail Links (Total length = 73kms)

Chaulkhowa to Moranhat at South Bank 44 km

 

Dhamalgaon to New Sisibargaon across river & North bank 29km (incl. Y-link at Dhamalgaon& Double line between Dhamalgaon on South Bank &Tangani on North Bank)
New stations on South Bank Dibrugarh, Dhamalgaon & Khowang
New stations on NorthBank Tangani and New Sisibargaon

The rail link connects two existing Railway networks running at South bank and North bank of river Brahmaputra. The rail link starts from Chalkhowa Station & Moranhat Station at South Bank and joins in between Sisibargaon Station and Siripani Station of Rangiya – Murkongselek section at North Bank through the Bogibeel Bridge. The railway line at North Bank side was a Meter Gauge line which has been converted into Broad Gauge. The block section between Dhamalgaon and Tangani station is a double line section under which the Bogibeel Bridge lies.

Road Link- National Highway

National Highway of 29.446 km connects NH-37 at South Bank and NH-52 at North Bank of river Brahmaputra. The NH road link consists of 11.25 km at South Bank, 13.26 km at North Bank and 4.94 km on Main Bridge. Road Viaducts of 832.422 m length connecting Bogibeel Bridge with National Highway alignment on both approaches of the bridge have been provided.

  1. MILESTONES OF BOGIBEEL BRIDGE PROJECT:
  • Commissioning of South Bank Rail link from Chalkhowa – Moranhat. (44 km) in Dec, 2009.
  • Commissioning of DBRG station with 4 platforms, 2 FOBs and other passenger amenities, Coaching Maintenance complex with 2 Pit lines & Sick lines.
  • Construction of North Guide Bund (2.792 km) in 2009-10&South Guide Bund (2.043 km) in 2008-09.
  • Completion of Main Bridge Sub-structure work in 2016.
  • Construction of Common Approach Embankment up to South Abutment & North Abutment inside the river.
  • Strengthening & raising of South Bank Dyke & North Bank Dyke (9 km Upstream and 7 km Downstream).
  • Completion of Launching of all 39Normal spans up to their final locations in Nov, 2017.
  • Completion of casting of the last deck slab of main bridge on 16, June, 2018.
  • CRS inspection and authorization for running of passenger trains on newly constructed rail link from Dhamalgaon to North Junction Cabin on 22.10.2018.
  • Running of first goods train on the Bogibeel Bridge on 01.12.2018.

BENEFITS

  • Besides providing rail connectivity, the bridge will link two existing National Highways – NH-37 on the South Bank and  NH-52 on the North Bank.
  • The remote districts of Anjaw, Changlang, Lohit, Lower Dibang Valley, Dibang Valley and Tirap of Arunachal Pradesh will be greatly benefitted.
  • Almost 75% of the 4000-km long border that India share with China is in Arunachal Pradesh and the bridge will help in logistical support for Indian Army manning this border.
  • This bridge will provide alternate and shorter route from Dibrugarh in eastern part of Assam through north bank of Brahmaputra with Delhi and Kolkata via Rangiya.
  • The distance from Dibrugarh to Rangiya will be reduced by 170 km.
  • The road distance from Dibrugarh, in Assam to Itanagar will be reduced by 150 km and the railway travel distance between these two points will be reduced by 705 km.
  • Upper Assam and Eastern Arunachal Pradesh will see massive socio economic development.

SALIENT FEATURES OF SUB-STRUCTURE OF THE BRIDGE

Type of foundation Well Foundation
Number of wells 42
Shape of  well Double – D of size 16.2m x 10.5m
Depth of foundation A1 & A2   = 42.00m

P1 & P40 = 68.75m

P2 to P39 = 58.60m

Well cap 2.2 m thick
Type of pier Twin circular and hollow columns
Size of pier Outer dia- 5.3m, Inner dia-3.3m spaced at 10.10m c/c
Height of pier shaft 13.935 m except shore spans where it is 4.535 m
Abutment Pier Twin rectangular column of 4.6 m x 3.0m of 4.535 m height.
Pier Cap 5.8 m wide,15.9 m long &1.2 m thick

Magnitude of work:

For constructing this Rail cum Road Bridge with 42 well foundations, large quantity of construction materials were involved. The various construction items required for substructure are as enlisted below:

RCC (M35 grade) 3.45 Lac cum
PCC (M25 grade) 0.30 Lac cum
Cement Consumption 30 Lac bags
Reinforcement Steel 19250 MT
Structural Steel 2800 MT
Sinking of wells 2450 RM
Caissons 3 nos.

Plant and machinery deployed:

Early flood in the river Brahmaputra restricted the working season to a very short period of approximately 5 months (from November to March) and it demanded huge mobilization of construction equipment for execution of the work. Transportation of concrete across river channels of 600m to 900m width from both the banks was the biggest challenge which was overcome by adopting pumping of concrete through pipeline laid over buoys with multiple concrete pumps.

SALIENT FEATURES OF SUPER-STRUCTURE OF THE MAIN BRIDGE

Warren type truss without verticals

Height of truss                             –         12.5 m

Width of truss                              –         11.6 m

C/C of bearings (main span)         –         121.60m

Overall length of girder                 –         123.60 m

No. of panels per span                  –         10 (normal span), 3 (end span)

Length of each panel of truss        –         12.16m (normal), 10.00m (End)

Width of Carriageway                   –         10.00 m

Type of bearings                           –         Spherical Bearings

Weight of Steel Truss                   –         1700 MT

Grade of structural steel               –         E410 Gr-C (Cu),

E250 Gr-C (Cu),

E410 Gr-C (Cu)(Z-25)

Maximum plate thickness             –         63 mm

Total steel fabrication                   –         77,000 MT

The super-structure of the Bogibeel Bridge is fully welded Composite Warren type truss having span configuration of 1×32.75 m + 39x125m + 1×32.75 m with 2 BG tracks on the lower deck and 3 lane road on the top deck. The girder has steel floor system for railway tracks and concrete for road. This type of super-structure is being constructed for the first time on Indian Railways. The design of the composite welded truss has been done by M/s. Ramboll, Denmark through M/s. RITES Ltd. and the proof-check was done by M/s. Anwikar Consultant, Germany. The cost of the Super-structure is approximately Rs. 1400 crs (without escalation).

The Super-structure of Bogibeel Bridge has been executed by M/s HCC-DSD-VNR Consortium, Mumbai. Two fabrication sheds with capacity of about 2500 MT per month were set up for fabrication of girder components.  State of the art machinery and welding equipment were used for execution of welding work. Two Lay-down assembly workshops (130 m each) and two Vertical assembly workshops (300 m combined) were also set up for assembly and erection of the Girders on approach banks.

Designer support was provided by M/s. RITES and M/s Ramboll, Denmark for resolving various technical issues involved in the fabrication, assembly/ erection of the Girders. Segmental Quality Plans (SQP) for Fabrication, Welding Plan, Corrosion Protection System, NDT Procedure and Assembly/Erection were developed for ensuring Quality of fabrication and assembly works.

The launching scheme involves launching of the fully assembled girders by Incremental method in “trains” of 10 spans connected to each other from South bank with Launching nose in front and tail at rear. The launching methodology was designed by M/s DSD, Germany.

GUIDE BUNDS & APPROACH EMBANKMENTS OF BOGIBEEL BRIDGE:

Construction of South Guide Bund and North Guide Bund has been completed in all respect. The constructions of the guide bunds started in the working season 2008-09 and 2009-10 respectively and were completed in two working seasons. Construction of Guide Bunds was the most challenging task of this project since it was to be completed up to the safe level in all respects during the very short working period (four to five months) after completing all pre-requisite river training works.

Salient features of the Guide Bunds are:

North Guide Bund
Up-stream Length 2130m
Down-stream Length 662m
Total 2792 m
South Guide Bund
Up-stream Length 1381 m
Down-stream Length 662 m
Total 2043 m
Width of launching apron 56 m (shank & tail)
78 m (mole head)
Thickness of stone pitching 1.05 m over 0.30 m graded filter (river side)

0.60 m over 0.30 m graded filter (country side)

Slope of guide bund profile 2.5H : 1V

 

Top level          =  RL 110.52m

SOUTH & NORTH VIADUCT OF BOGIBEEL RAIL CUM ROAD BRIDGE

832 meter long road viaducts are provided on both the approaches of Bogibeel Bridge for National Highway to come over the Bridge. The highway alignment runs parallel to the Railway alignment to the approach of the main bridge. Connection to the Bridges achieved by providing reverse curves in the viaducts at both approaches. The configuration of the viaducts is 34 RCC girders with span of 24.483 m supported on Pile foundation. The viaducts were designed by M/s. RITES Ltd. and proof checked by IIT, Delhi. The work of construction of South Road Viaduct was first completed up to P-25 and balance 9 spans have also been completed after launching of the last girder of the main bridge superstructure. Construction of North Viaduct is also completed. These viaducts will be commissioned along with the work of Super-structure of Main Bridge.

SOUTH BANK RAIL LINK

South Bank Rail Link (44 km) consists of Rail Link ex- Chaulkhowa to Moranhat via Dibrugarh, Dhamalgaon & Khowang with triangle line between Chaulkhowa & Dibrugarh. The main features of the South Bank Rail Link are given as under:

  1. Length – 44 km.
  2. Stations – 5 Nos.( 3 New –Dibrugarh, Dhamalgaon , Khowang& 2 Existing – Chaulkhowa, Moranhat)
  • Dibrugarh station is a major coaching complex constructed in the South Bank Rail Link with following facilities:
  1. 4 Nos. High Level 26 Coach Length Passenger Platforms

(600 m), 3nos. of washable apron.

  1. Sick Line Shed & TXR Office. Full rake washing pit line with 2 Inspection platforms.
  2. 6 Bays PP sheds and 2 Nos. Foot Over Bridge.
  3. 7 Lines Goods Yard, Circulating Area.
  4. Saloon siding and Engineering M/c siding.
  5. Staff Quarters -56 Units.

The section was commissioned for running of passenger trains on 08.12.2009.Further 8.0 km linking of track at south bank has been done for connecting Dhamalgaon station and Khowang station to Bogibeel bridge approach.

 NORTH BANK RAIL LINK

Double line track of 17.85 Km from Dhamalgaon station (South bank) to Tangani station (North bank) is laid covering Bogibeel Bridge including single line Y link of 1.4 km. Rail Link of13.94km single line from Tangani Station. to Junction Point near New Sisibargaon connecting with the Rangiya – Murkongselek section at North Bank has been completed. CRS inspection of the section linking the North Bank and South Bank was done on 22.10.2018 and authorization for running of trains has been given.

NH-LINK FROM NH-37 ON SOUTH BANK TO NH-52 ON NORTH BANK

This work has been assigned to PWD (NH), Govt. of Assam from NHAI in Aug, 2008. Work on the common embankment for the NH portion has been completed on both the banks by the Railway. Total Length of NH portion to be constructed by PWD (NH) is 16.71 km (Excluding NH portion by Railway). Agencies for North bank NH approach as well as for South Bank NH approach has been deployed by PWD/NH and the works are in progress. The work is expected to be completed by Dec, 2018.

The first Bowstring ROB girder which constitutes the main span over the running track at Ch. 24.580 KM for the NH approach on the South bank has been erected by NFR (Con) as PWD (NH) expressed inability to execute the Bowstring girder. Work of crash barrier and surfacing on the ROB is in progress.

DYKE STRENGTHENING

River Brahmaputra has dykes on both banks to protect the areas in its vicinity from floods. The dykes of the river have been strengthened and raised as per the Model study done at IRI, Roorkee. The raising and strengthening has been done up to 9.00 km in Upstream and 7.00 km in Downstream at both banks except at Ch.4.00 km to 10.00 km on downstream of Bridge Central Line on South Bank where work is in progress in Reserve Forest area.

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